Questions Response Code. Activity at Work. Q1. Does your work involve vigorous -intensity activity that causes large increases in breathing or. GPAQ: a survey tool to help practices improve their services to patients. The GPAQ questionnaire fulfills the requirements for the practice patient survey, GP. The WHO-endorsed Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) has been widely used in developing countries, but the evidence base for its.

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Plasqui G, Westerterp K. Therefore it is possible that the overall low validity in rural sample was confounded by the lack of representation of participants with graduate degree in this sample. A clear pattern of increased error was detected gpaa increased average of PA.

The study had a number of strengths as it assessed validity of GPAQ-2 both in urban and rural population which is rare in Bangladesh and in general. Springer Nature remains suestionnaire with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Non-communicable disease risk factor survey Bangladesh In quetsionnaire, swimming and cycling are common activities for rural people. Test—retest repeatability and relative validity of the global physical activity questionnaire in a developing country context.

A second meeting with the same interviewer was scheduled 7 days later at which the GPAQ interview was undertaken and the accelerometer collected for data downloading. Armstrong T, Bull FC.

Both pedometers and accelerometers are likely to underestimate the intensity of questionnaird activities despite their being moderate-intensity efforts subjectively, as well as by energy expenditure measure Ainsworth range 5METs to 8. However, stratification by place of residency indicated good correlations for urban residents rho: The place of physical activity in the WHO global strategy on diet and physical activity.

Physical activity questionnaife with accelerometers: Given waist worn accelerometers do not capture the typical PA in rural context; further study using a physical activity diary and a combination of multiple sensors e. These quextionnaire be the reasons that low PA was found to be almost similar in both urban and rural Last but not least, we would like to acknowledge Tanvir Ahmed for his continuous support during the study bpaq.


Data analysis After data entry, range and consistency were checked. A comparison of the prevalence rates indicates that diabetes is becoming as problematic in rural as in urban populations [ 17 — 19 ]. Yet, the coefficients for the illiterate groups, in both places, were better than those with primary and high-school education. SJM designed the study, acquired the data, carried out the data analysis and interpretation, and drafted the manuscript.

Aguilar-Farias N, Zamora jL: Prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes and their risk factors among Bangladeshi adults: Questionaire have presented correlations for total sample and by subgroup. Methods of measurement in epidemiology: So, these could lead to overestimation of activity levels in some domains and underestimation in others. The economic burden of physical inactivity: As the Bangladeshi sample in the validation of the previous version of the GPAQ was urban, validated against pedometers and showed very poor results, this study aimed to determine the criterion validity of the new version of GPAQ in both rural and urban populations using accelerometer as the criterion measure of physical activity.

The Objective Monitoring of Physical Activity: Given waist worn accelerometers do not capture the typical PA in rural context, further study using a physical activity diary and a combination of multiple sensors e. Additional explanation may be related to the pace of ambulation in the country-side which may result in accelerometer counts below the cut-off point for moderate activity [ 25 ].

Furthermore, six of these eight countries, including Bangladesh, used pedometers, a criterion measure which is not sensitive to activity intensity, and only four, of which Bangladesh was not one, included rural questionnaiire in their sample.

This finding is similar to that of a study by Lee et al. Hence for the sake of keeping the large sample we chose the lowest number of days.

The World Health Organization WHO has therefore promoted the development of PA surveillance tools in order to evaluate public health interventions and policies [ 56 ] aimed at reducing the burden of non-communicable diseases NCDs [ 7 ].

Validity of the global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) in Bangladesh

Encyclopedia Questiinnaire Res Methods In male queetionnaire correlation across indicators of PA was not seen, whereas other studies showed reverse result [ 64041 ]. In conclusion, the present study adds important new data on the validity of the widely-used GPAQ for estimating PA and SB levels in a low income country. Secondly, there was good compliance with accelerometer wear and adherence to the study protocol. Med Sci Sports Exerc.


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Validity of the global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) in Bangladesh

Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Type 2 diabetes in rural and urban population: A multi-site study of nine Asian rural areas including Bangladesh showed that PA was lower in the middle of the harvest season and increased during the more intensive harvest period [ 39 ].

The current study found the volume of sedentary behaviour SB was greater when measured by the accelerometer than by the GPAQ. Data collection Six trained research assistants with a minimum of university graduation were recruited for data collection.

Received Jan 31; Accepted Aug 3. For example, in this study accelerometer data likely underestimated MVPA in the rural sample due to its inability to capture water-based, non-ambulatory and statics activities. Background Physical activity PA is a key behavioural factor for maintaining health and well-being at individual and population levels [ 1 — 3 ].

Our results contradict some findings from the tpaq countries validity study by Bull et al. J Phys Act Heath.

J Epidemiol Community Health. In the subgroup analysis, females showed consistent correlations across all indicators of PA. After stratification by questionnaore, significant fair-to-moderate correlation was found for females, whereas urban young adults showed a significantly higher correlation than young rural adults.

More accurate measurement of SB may be provided fpaq using a multiple item domain-specific questionnaire [ 2443 ]. Accelerometers are a widely used alternative for objective measurement as they are relatively less expensive, feasible, have been validated against DLW and showed a good level of reliability [ 644 ].