The traditional view of management, back in when Abraham Zaleznik wrote this The difference between managers and leaders, he wrote, lies in the. Abraham Zaleznik on management and leadership, criticism of The Managerial Mystique and Managers and leaders: are they different?. author Abraham Zaleznik’s answer to this intriguing (and slightly provocative) Managers are very different; they are rational, balanced, unemotional and easy.

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Leadership Quarterly9, But such leadership leaeers paternalistic because the leader is cast in the role of good parent while the manager is relegated to the bad parent role.

Managers and leaders: are they different?

Leaders, in contrast, tolerate chaos and lack of structure and are willing to delay closure to understand the issues more fully. Organization Science, 10, The relationship between self-monitoring and leader emergence in student project groups. ,eaders Luther King, Gandhi, Mandela were activists who we now recognize as leaders How To Be an Engaging Manager. In this way, Zaleznik argued, business leaders have much more in common with artists, scientists, and other creative thinkers than they do with managers.

Introduction Leadership and Emergent Organizational Structures. The war cry was to replace managers with leaders. This emotional anc when combined with the preoccupation on process, leads to the impression that managers are inscrutable, detached and even manipulative.

Like management, leadership can also be shown by all employees as it is also a tool or process not a role. They were looking for theyy scapegoat to blame for the failure of U. Mansgers dilemma of the informed woman. When managing intelligent knowledge workers this can include letting them manage themselves to a large extent but also being supportive, empowering and developmental and, yes, even inspiring or transformational. The same is true of sales and marketing.


We often think of leadership in terms of traits or competencies but we also have leadership models: This definition includes a range of kinds of leadership that have nothing to do with the conventional image of the person in charge of a group. Everyone manages something, even if it just themselves, their personal finances Management is like investment, an attempt to get the best return or add the most value relative to specific goals and resources.

Thus a manager need not be controlling or mechanistic. Management works through two processes: Research Centre for Vocational Education and Training. That is, Kotter was not fully focused on function; he was still thinking of role occupants in the traditional manner who needed to be differentiated by style. However, there is no real basis for this personality distinction. Abraham Zaleznik on Leadership. Where they are formal sales and marketing roles, people in sales might be more outgoing and those in marketing might be more analytical, but this has nothing do with how we define these functions.

Management and leadership are indeed different. The question in this form is not answerable because many types of people can both lead and manage. How leadership differs from management. Management Versus Leadership Among the questions raised by this discussion are as follows: But analyzing how it zaleznuk can radically It is not clear what evidence Zaleznik has for these charges.

In a book published inThe Managerial MystiqueZaleznik says that “what Taylor proposed through his system of management lies at the core of how modern managers are leaderrs to think and act.

Managers and leaders: are they different?

Here are some fully functional definitions of leadership and management: Professional Learning and Leadersip. This leaves the means of managing completely open. Are You Making Progress? Showing the way for others is also how market leading companies like Apple lead their competitors. But he had one foot in the past because, despite the different focus, he still wanted to say that leaders were inspirational and managers transactional. An effective manager is one who gets the best out of all resources.


It is time to bring management back from the dead to take its rightful place alongside leadership as an essential organizational function. Small group decision making. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 5, Such leadership is a one-off event or impact, not an ongoing role and it is totally style neutral. Zaleznik believes that, while managers seek activity with people, they “maintain a low level of emotional involvement in those relationships.

Abraham Zaleznik on Leadership

Answering Zaleznik The question in this form is not answerable because many types of people can both lead and manage. Functional definitions should make it clear that sales, marketing, leadership or management are processes, tools that anyone can pick up and use, just like writing, cooking or composing.

A front line technical employee might cite hard facts in a quiet way or lead by example while a CEO advocating a major change in direction is likely to need a stirring vision to move people. The Leader as Activist.

Views on Leadership and Management. We like binary opposites such as hot — cold, good — bad. It all depends on the issue and the target audience.